On the roof of the world!
The Kingdom of the Hunza is located in the highlands of northern Pakistan in the area between the world’s largest mountain ranges, so this region is often referred to as “On the Roof of the World”.
The Hunza region is located in the northern part of Pakistan near the border with China in the valley between the two highest mountain ranges, the Hindu Kush and Karakurum. The area is rich in rivers, and the tributaries of the Indus shape it into a deep valley. The Hunza Valley is located at an altitude of 2,438 meters. The territory of Hunza covers about 7,900 km².
Karimabad (formerly known as Baltit) is the capital of a certain tourist destination in Pakistan due to the impressive landscapes of the surrounding mountains such as Rakaposhi, Ultar Sar, Bojahagur II, Ghent peak, Hunza peak, Darmiani peak and Bublimating. The people of the Hunza Valley today number about 87,000 people.
Hunza is a major tourist attraction in Pakistan and many Pakistanis and foreign tourists come to enjoy the picturesque landscape and visit this ancient people. This region is very modern in every sense and advanced by Asian standards. The British retained the status of the Hunza Principality until 1947, until November 3, when the Hunza ruler, Mohammed Jamal Khan, sent a telegram to Mohammed Ali Jin in which he agreed to annex his principality to the new state of Pakistan. Until 1974, the Hunze had autonomy within Pakistan, which was abolished by Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. The Hunza Valley is reached by a long and old road starting from Islamabad.
Most of the inhabitants are of the Muslim faith. The Hunza region is home to people from three entities: the Lower Region – from Mayun to Nasiribad, it is mostly inhabited by Shinaki, Shina-speaking people; The central area – from Murtazabad to Ahmed Abad – is mostly inhabited by Burushaki-speaking people; The upper area known as Goca – from Shiskat to Hunjerab are mostly people who speak Waki.
Members of this nation are always smiling, cheerful and strong. They look young and many are surprised by their age, it seems as if they are from another planet … The Huns live in the mountains of northern Pakistan where some live to be 160 years old. They rarely get sick, they look very young, and women give birth to their children even at the age of 65. It has long been thought that the inhabitants of this valley owe their longevity and vitality to their genes, but new research shows that external factors influence more than genetic predispositions. Factors that scientists have singled out as key to the quality of life that people live in the Hunza Valley are a diet based on plants and fruits (especially apricot kernel oil), a simple life and increased physical activity.
The inhabitants of the Hunza Valley are the only ones who do not suffer from cancer, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and logically, they have the longest life expectancy on the planet. At the International Congress on Carcinogenic Diseases in Paris, held in August 1977, experts announced that “according to geocancerology (the science of cancer research in different regions of the world), the complete absence of cancer exists only in the Huns.”
For Hunze, crossing 100 to 200 kilometers a day is the same as walking around the house for us. Climbing the steep mountains for the Hunze is an easy task from which they return cheerful and energetic.
The Hunza language is called “Burushaski” and bears no resemblance to any other language. The Hunze, and the Hunza region in general, have the highest literacy rates in Pakistan and beyond.
A very interesting fact is that the Hunze are descendants of Alexander the Great, that is, the Macedonian army, which became too weak to continue its journey through the mountains during the campaign in the 4th century BC. CARVING3 do not have Asian characteristics, they are very similar to today’s inhabitants of the Balkans. They use the sun and lava as a symbol, just like the ancient Macedonians.
The first official contact between the Huns and the Macedonians finally took place in 2005, and three years later the king and queen visited the fraternal people in Macedonia. The greatest treasure that the Huns shared with their hosts on that occasion was the knowledge about their way of life, as well as the practical use of the apricots themselves, that is, their oil.
Healthy habits – Nutrition – Organic soil
Geographical separation has enabled them to maintain their healthy living habits for thousands of years. The longevity and extraordinary health of the inhabitants of this valley have attracted the attention of a large number of researchers. Many Hunzi live to be 100 or older.
Well-known American cardiologists, E.G. Tumi I P.V. White visited the Hunza area in 1964, and their study of the Hunza lifestyle was published in one of the most famous medical specialist journals, the American Heart Journal (EG Toomey, PW White, “A brief survey of the heart of aged Hunzas, American Heart Journal, 68: 842, 1964).
Together, they concluded that all subjects (ages 90 to 100) had normal blood pressure, normal cholesterol levels, and good heart function. Huns do not know about malignant diseases, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and premature aging of the organism.
Since the use of pesticides and chemicals in agriculture is prohibited by law in the Kingdom of the Hunza, the land is 100% organic.
Hunze eat a large number of cereals: barley, millet, corn and rye.
Flour is made from whole grains and is used for unleavened bread called “chapati”. Hunze bread is consumed at every meal.
Fruits and vegetables
Fruits and vegetables are an essential part of the Hunzi diet. They are most often consumed fresh and raw. Only vegetables are thermally processed, but very briefly. Of the Hunza fruits, apricots, apples, pears, peaches, cherries and grapes are the most eaten. Apricots, which are the most common type of fruit in the area, are eaten fresh and dried. When preparing desserts, Hunze use refined white sugar. The vegetables that are most often used in the diet are: beans, peas, chickpeas, lettuce and spinach.
Hunze most often consume walnuts, much less hazelnuts and almonds. Almond oil is used to prepare dishes according to a recipe that is several thousand years old. As a type of meal, they combine nuts and fruits.
Products of animal origin
Hunze are not strict vegans. They rarely use food of animal origin. They eat meat in small quantities, in winter or on holidays (Eid al-Adha, weddings, birthdays). On these rare occasions, meat (cooked for a long time) is served in small portions, chopped into small pieces. Hunze most often consume chicken and mutton. Since they are Muslims, they do not eat pork. Huns are very frugal and with eggs. They are most often used in some varieties of chapat bread. Of dairy products, they consume mostly goat cheese and milk, and very rarely butter. Hunze have a traditional recipe for producing dairy products similar to yogurt.
They also use very little salt and in many of their dishes salt is not added at all.
Sun drops – Hani e Dell (apricot seed oil) are an integral part of their daily diet, they are produced by the traditional method of cold pressing – stone by stone, from Himalayan apricots that have never come into contact with any chemical substances or metal. Due to these characteristics, HUNZA APRICOT CORE OIL is an original, hand-made oil, which also makes it unique and incomparably better quality than other oils of this type offered on the market.
Hunza apricot kernel oil